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Cherry Creek Speak
Educators and other agencies use a lot of acronyms. Sometimes it's hard to tell ACT from ALT. Here's a handy list of acronyms so, you too, can "speak Cherry Creek."

                                           Acronyms
ABA HOSA
Applied Behavioral Analysis Health Occupation Student Association
AVB HR
Applied Verbal Behavior Human Resources
A & E HVAC
Assessment and Evaluation Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning
ACT IB
American College Testing International Baccalaureate
ADA IBMYP
Americans with Disabilities Act International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme
ALT ICS
Achievement Level Test Incident Command System
AP IDEA
Advanced Placement Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
ARRA IEP
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Individual Education Plan
ASBO ILC
Association of School Business Officials International Integrated Learning Center
ASCA ITLC
American School Counselor Association Instructional Technology Leadership Cohort
AUT ISDB
Autism Individual School and Department Budgets
AVID ISF
Advancement Via Individual Determination Instructional Support Facility
AYP IST
Adequate Yearly Progress Institute of Science and Technology
BD I-Team
Behavioral Development Interdisciplinary Team
BOE ITP
Board of Education Intensive Treatment Program
C4T JSD
Computers for Teachers Joint School Districts
CAFR KEP
Comprehensive Annual Financial Report Kindergarten Enrichment Program
CAD KPI
Computer Aided Design Key Performance Indicators
CAP LAN
Community Asset Project Local Area Network 
CAP4K LD
Colorado Achievement Plan for Kids Learning Disabilities
CARE LEP
Collaborative Action Research for Equity Limited English Proficient
C.A.R.E. Line LRFPC
Concern, Assistance, Responsibility, and Empowerment Line Long-Range Facilities Planning Committee
CCA MAC
Cherry Creek Academy Multicultural Advisory Council
CCHE MAP
Colorado Commission of Higher Education Measures of Academic Progress
CCCLN MPG
Cherry Creek Community Legislative Network Median Growth Percentile
CCSD NCLB
Cherry Creek School District No Child Left Behind Act
CDE NEP
Colorado Department of Education Non-English Proficient
CCTM NFL
Colorado Council of Teachers of Mathematics National Forensic League
CD NIMS
Compact Disc National Incident Management System
CDL NNAT
Commercial Driver’s License Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test
CELA NSLP
Colorado English Language Assessment National School Lunch Program
CHSAA OMS
Colorado High School Activities Association Orientation and Mobility Specialist
CIPA O/T
Children’s Internet Protection Act Occupational Therapy
CIS P.A.S.S.
Curriculum Integration Services Partnership for Academically Successful Students
CPI PBS
Consumer Price Index Positive Behavior System
CPI-U PCD
Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers Perceptual/Communicative Disability
CPP PERA
Colorado Preschool Program Public Employees’ Retirement Association
C.R.S. PHLOTE
Colorado Revised Statutes Primary Home Language Other Than English
CSAP PI
Colorado Student Assessment Program Performance Indicators
CSDSIP PIN
Colorado School Districts’ Self Insurance Pool Parent Information Network
CTE PLAN®[1]
Career and Technical Education Pre-ACT Test
DAC PTO
District Accountability Committee Parent Teacher Organization
D.A.R.E. PTCO
Drug Abuse Resistance Education Parent Teacher Community Organization
DECA PWR
Distributive Education Clubs of America Postsecondary and Workforce Readiness
D.E.L.T. RAMP
District Equity Leadership Team Recognized ASCA Model Program
DIBELS RDI
Dynamic Indicator of Basic Literacy Skills Relationship Development Intervention
DRA2 RTI
Developmental Reading Assessment Response to Intervention
DVD RTU
Digital Video Disc Rooftop Unit
DPP RR
District Performance Plan Reading Recovery®[2]
DVR SAIP
Digital Video Recorder Student Achievement Incentive Plan
EBC SAR
Education and Behavior Consultant School Accountability Report
EBI SAS
Effective Buying Income Student Achievement Services 
ECE or
Early Childhood Education Student Achievement Specialist
ECEA SASID
Exceptional Children’s Education Act State Assigned Student Identifier
ECS SAT
Extended Child Services Scholastic Assessment Test
ED SEAC
Emotional Disabilities Special Education Advisory Committee
EIG SIED
Educator Initiative Grant Significant Identifiable Emotional Disability
ELA SIP
English Language Acquisition School Improvement Plan
ELL SIS
English Language Learners Student Information System
ELPA SOAR
English Language Proficiency Act Safety, Ownership, Attitude, Respect
ERCM SPF
Emergency Response and Crisis Management School Performance Framework
ERP SRI
Enterprise Resource Planning Scholastic Reading Inventory
ESL SRO
English as a Second Language School Resource Officers
ET/IL SSMS
Educational Technology/Information Literacy Student Success & Multicultural Services
FBLA STAR
Future Business Leaders of America Staff Training Assistance and Renewal
FCC STEM-EC
Federal Communications Commission Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Education Coalition
FCCLA SWAP
Family, Career, and Community Leaders of America School to Work Alliance Program
FEP TA
Fluent English Proficient Teacher Assistant (also referred to as Para-Educator)
FTE TABOR
Full Time Equivalent Taxpayer’s Bill of Rights
GAAP TEACCH
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles Treatment & Education of Autistic & related Communication-handicapped Children
GASB TSA
Governmental Accounting Standards Board Technology Student Association
GFOA VCR
Government Finance Officers Association Video Cassette Recorder
G/T VSP
Gifted and Talented Vision Service Providers
GVC WAN
Guaranteed and Viable Curriculum Wide Area Network
GVT YAB
Guaranteed and Viable Technology Youth Advisory Board
HAZMAT
Hazardous Material

1 Registered Trademark of ACT, Inc.

2 Registered Trademark of Reading Recovery Council of

North America, Inc.


 

Abatements

Abatements are complete or partial cancellations of a tax levy. Abatements usually apply to tax levies, special assessments, and service charges.

 
Access Success
The Access Success endeavor is to strengthen and improve the Cherry Creek School District high schools in ways that will increase our graduates' opportunities to access a college education, and ensure academic success at the college or university level.
 
Accuplace
A computer based adaptive placement test that provides information about student academic skills in math, English, and reading. It is used by many colleges and universities to place students in freshman classes.
 
Account
A record used to summarize all increases and decreases in an asset, liability, fund equity, revenue, or expenditure.
 
Accrual Basis of Accounting
A method of accounting under which revenue is recognized when earned and expenditures are recognized when incurred, regardless of the timing of related cash flows.
 
Activity
The activity provides the function and program components for reporting to the Colorado Department of Education.  C.R.S. 22-44-110(1) and C.R.S. 22-44-105(4) require the Board of Education to review the functions and objects of the proposed budget and to collect comparable data by program and school site.
 
Ad Valorem Taxes
Taxes levied on the assessed valuation of real and personal property located within the boundaries of the District, which is the final authority in determining the amount to be raised for education purposes.
 
Agency Fund
A fund used to account for assets held by a district or other governmental unit in a trustee capacity or as an agent for individuals, private organizations, other governmental units, and/or other funds.
 
AIM

Amendment 1 (TABOR Amendment)
An amendment to the Colorado Constitution approved by voters in November 1992, which limits governmental mill levies, revenue, and expenditures. Also referred to as the TABOR Amendment, which is the acronym for Taxpayers Bill of Rights.
 
Amendment 23
An amendment to the Colorado Constitution approved
by voters in November 2000, which provides for state funding increases each year of at least the rate of inflation plus one percent for fiscal years 2001-02 through 2010-11 and
annually by at least the rate of inflation for fiscal years thereafter. Other financial provisions relating to school district
funding are also included.
 
Appropriation
A budgeted amount of money, which is approved by the Board of Education via a resolution, to spend for designated purposes.
 
Assessed Valuation
The current assessed valuation is based on 7.96 percent of the market value of residential property and 29 percent of market value of commercial property as determined by the Arapahoe County Assessor. Property taxes are paid on the basis of a property's assessed valuation, which is based on a percentage of the property's market value.
 
Asset Building
Forty developmental assets developed by the Search Institute that help students make choices in life and build school/community partnerships. This is a philosophy rather than a curriculum.
 
Attendance Rate
The average daily student attendance expressed as a percentage.
 
AVID
A 6th grade through high school elective program which prepares students in the academic middle with potential for
success in rigorous secondary curriculum for four-year college eligibility. It is based on writing as a tool of learning,
inquiry metho​d and collaborative grouping. Three main components are academic instruction, tutorial support and motivational activities.

M is a core academic program that provides challenge for high achieving and motivated students.

 
AIMSweb®3
A scientifically based, formative assessment system that “informs” the teaching and learning process by providing continuous student performance data and reporting on improvement to parents, teachers, and administrators. It enables evidence-based evaluation and data-driven instruction and is used to screen students against
established benchmarks and monitor student progress.
 
 
Average Cost Per Student
Total site level budget for regular educational services, divided by the projected full-time equivalent (FTE) student enrollment. Average cost per student will fluctuate due to various factors: length of service and additional education for professional staff members, differences in utility costs, and basic staffing requirements.
 
Balanced Budget
A budget with total expenditures not exceeding total revenue and monies available in the fund balance within an individual fund.

 

Behavior Code

The Board, in accordance with state law, shall adopt and approve a written code of conduct for students based on the principle that every student is expected to show respect for and to obey persons in authority. The code shall also emphasize that certain behavior, especially behavior that disrupts the classroom and learning environment, is unacceptable and may result in disciplinary action. The code shall be enforced uniformly, fairly and consistently for all students.

 
Bond Issue
In general, bond issues are voted to pay the cost of school construction. The items, which these funds can be used for, are stated on the ballot when the issue is presented to the people. Money can be spent only for these authorized purposes. Proceeds from bond issues cannot be used to pay the daily operating expenses of a school district.
 
Bonds
A certificate of debt issued by the school district guaranteeing payment of the original investment plus interest by a specified future date. This is associated with costs for capital facilities.
 
Budget
An annual financial plan which identifies allocated dollar amounts that will be spent and revenue that will be generated over a given period of time. The Cherry Creek School District budget specifies the type and level of services by activity,
and object for each fund, school and department.
 
Budget Override Election
C.R.S. 22-54-108 allows for the authorization of additional local revenue. A district may submit for voter approval, a request to raise and expend additional local property tax revenue, subject to the limitations specified within the law. The request shall be submitted at an election held in accordance with section 20 of Article X of the state constitution and Title 1, C.R.S.
 
Bully-Proofing
The Bully-Proofing Your School Program is a comprehensive bully prevention program, which focuses on converting the silent majority of students into a caring majority by teaching them strategies to avoid victimization
and take a stand for a bully-free school. As part of the Cherry Creek School District's safety plan, implementation of the Bully-Proofing Program is required in all elementary and middle schools in the District. The program includes six basic components: staff training, student instruction, support of the victims, interventions with the bullies, systems interventions, and the development of a positive, caring climate within the school.
 
Capital Outlay (Expenditures)
An expenditure that results in the acquisition of fixed assets or additions to fixed assets that are presumed to have a life expectancy of more than one year. Examples include expenditures for land or existing buildings, improvements of grounds, construction of buildings, additions to buildings, remodeling of buildings, furniture, vehicles, and equipment.

CARE
A program launched in the 2004-05 school year with a cadre of 20 teachers from schools in the District’s culturally diverse North area. These teachers implement “best practices” for working with students from different cultural backgrounds and evaluate the impact those practices have on student achievement.
 
Care Line
720-554-CARE is a confidential, anonymous telephone number for students to call when they feel threatened at school, see or hear of dangerous behavior, or know of an unsafe situation. The acronym stands for Concern, Assistance, Responsibility, and Empowerment.
 
Categorical Programs
Categorical Programs are specific programs that are funded separately from the District's total program funding under the School Finance Act. Examples include Vocational Education, Special Education, Gifted and Talented, English Language Acquisition, and Pupil Transportation. State funds for categorical programs must be used specifically for the program and are generally distributed based on a formula prescribed by law.
 
Central Services
Services provided to the District through one centralized department, including human resources, risk management, planning, communications, and information systems.
 
Certificates of Participation
Financial instruments issued to provide capital in return for payment of principal and interest.
 
Charter School
A charter school in Colorado is a public school operated by a group of parents, teachers and/or community members as a semi-autonomous school of choice within a school district, operating under a contract or "charter" contract between the members of the charter school community and the local Board of Education.
 
Cherry Creek Educational Program
A year-round educational program at the Marvin W. Foote Youth Services Center designed to provide an individualized, relevant, positive, and stimulating educational experience for pre-adjudicated youth who are awaiting disposition on their charges.
 
Child Find
Child Find is a federally mandated program that identifies, evaluates, and assists with locating services for children who may have special needs or developmental delays. Some examples could include delay in talking, playing, interacting, seeing, hearing, thinking, or moving. For
the Cherry Creek School District, this program is designed for infants, toddlers, and preschoolers from birth to kindergarten
age.


Colorado English Language Assessment (CELA)

The Colorado Department of Education has recently identified content standards in English proficiency for English language learners. Federal and state legislation have mandated a new English proficiency test, the CELA, to assess these standards. All kindergarten through twelfth grade students who have been identified as having a language background other than English in the state of Colorado will participate in a statewide assessment in the areas of English proficiency in reading, writing, speaking, listening and comprehension.

 
Colorado High School Activities Association
The Colorado High School Activities Association (CHSAA) is a voluntary association of member schools, which include public, private, and charter schools. The Association is the governing body for interscholastic athletics and activities in Colorado. It is responsible for establishing eligibility standards and other regulations for the student participants in the state.
 
Colorado State Model Content Standards
Challenging academic standards developed by the Colorado General Assembly and the State Board of Education, which are the foundation for Colorado's educational system.
 
Colorado Revised Statutes
Colorado Revised Statutes (C.R.S.) are the official, currently revised, laws of the State of Colorado.
 
Colorado Student Assessment Program
The Colorado Student Assessment Program (CSAP) is a standards-based assessment designed to provide a picture
of student performance to school districts, educators, parents, and the community. The primary purpose of the assessment program is to determine the level at which Colorado students meet the State Model Content Standards
in the content areas that are assessed. The CSAP results are used by educators to improve curricula, instruction, and individual student learning.
 
Commodities
Foods donated by the United States Department of
Agriculture for use in Child Nutrition Programs.
 
Common Assessments
Common assessments are measure-specific teaching targets that allow all children an equal chance to demonstrate their knowledge. They are administered across the District by course or by grade level.
 
Comprehensive School Safety Plan
All Cherry Creek Schools have functioning school safety teams that monitor the building plan for both psychological and physical safety. Major components of each school’s plan are assessment, prevention, intervention, and crisis response. Research collected by the U.S. Department of Education and published in “A Guide to Safe Schools”, has shown that effective prevention, intervention, and response efforts work to create a safe school environment. The District has implemented these concepts at each Cherry Creek School.

Consumer Price Index
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a statistical description of price levels provided by the U.S. Department of Labor. The index is used as a measure of cost of living and economic inflation.
 
Curriculum
Curriculum is all courses of study offered by an educational institution, or a group of related courses in a specific field of study, which allow students to acquire and integrate knowledge and skills.
 
Debt Service
Debt Service includes expenditures for the retirement of debt and expenditures for interest on debt.
 
DECA
An international association of marketing students enrolled in a Marketing Education program.
 
Depreciation
Depreciation is the systematic allocation of the cost basis of an asset to expense over the years or accounting periods making up its useful life.
 
Destination ImagiNation
An international extracurricular program offered to K-12 students that strives to teach creative problem solving strategies, teamwork, quick-decision making, and lifelong skills.  The goal is to cultivate the creative problem solving process and make it an unconscious part of students’ everyday lives. This program develops Team Challenges and Instant Challenges. Teams of up to 7 members may spend several months perfecting a solution to the Team Challenge and resolve the Instant Challenge within a 5-8 minute timeframe. Team solutions are presented in local, regional and state competitions.
 
Developmental Assets
The forty building blocks of healthy development that help young people grow up to be healthy, caring, and responsible individuals as identified by the Search Institute. (The Search Institute is an independent nonprofit organization that generates and communicates new knowledge, and brings together community, state, and national leaders).
 
Developmental Pathways
Developmental Pathways is a Colorado non-profit agency created to serve persons with developmental disabilities and their families. It was established in 1964 as a community-based alternative to institutional care. Since that time, Pathways has developed a broad array of services based on the principle that full inclusion and participation in community life is attainable for every individual with a developmental disability. Developmental Pathways serves citizens of Arapahoe and Douglas Counties, and the portion of Adams County within the City of Aurora city limits.

Disadvantaged
This term is used in the Designated Purpose Grants Fund, specifically Title I. Disadvantaged refers to the poverty rates of students enrolled in the districts which Title I uses as criteria to allocate its resources.
 
Dropout Rate
An annual rate reflecting the percentage of all students enrolled in grades 7-12 who leave school during the reporting period and are not known to transfer to other public or private schools.
 
E-Rate
A government plan directed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) that provides discounts to eligible schools and libraries for telecommunication, Internet access, internal connection and basic maintenance services. Also known as the Schools and Libraries Program of the Universal Service Fund.
 
Employee Benefits
Compensation, in addition to regular salary, provided to an employee. This compensation includes such benefits as health insurance, life insurance, disability, and Public Employees' Retirement Association (PERA) contributions.
 
Encumbrances
Purchase orders, contracts, and/or other commitments that are chargeable to an appropriation and for which a part of the appropriation is reserved.
 
Enterprise Fund
A fund used to account for operations that are financed and operated in a manner similar to private business enterprises. The intent is that the cost of providing services to the general public be financed or recovered primarily through user charges or where it has been decided that periodic determination of revenue earned, expenses incurred, and/or net income is appropriate.
 
Entitlement
Payments guaranteed by the state legislature to eligible recipients for a certain period of time. The primary example is state equalization program payments.
 
Equalization Program Funding
The financial base of support for public education for school districts in Colorado as calculated by the Public School Finance Act. Equalization Program funding is provided by a combination of state funding, local property taxes, and specific ownership taxes as determined under the provisions of the Public School Finance Act.
 
Equalization Program Funding Per Pupil
The total equalization program funding of a district, as provided and amended under the Public School Finance Act, divided by the District's funded pupil count.

Essential Benchmarks
Newly defined standards essential to the District’s goal of raising the achievement of all students and ensuring that all students meet them. These benchmarks are defined for each core content area of Reading, Writing, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies.
 
Ethnic Diversity
Number of students officially denoted using State- defined racial/ethnic group classifications, expressed as a percentage.
 
Excellence and Equity
The terms Excellence and Equity represent both the goals and focus of the District’s academic program. The goal of the District is to provide every student with excellent academic preparation that will allow the students to successfully complete a post-secondary college program. Accomplishment of this goal represents excellence in K-12 education. The Equity goal is to increase the achievement of all students while narrowing the gap between the highest and lowest achieving students, and eliminating the racial predictability of who occupies the highest and lowest performing groups.
 
Explore®4
The Exploreâ program is designed by ACT and linked to the ACT scale. Results provide a starting point for middle
school students, parents, and counselors to begin conversations about high school course planning toward
future college and career goals.
 
FBLA
An organization of Future Business Leaders of America for students enrolled in a Business Education program.
 
FCCLA
An organization of Family, Career, and Community Leaders of America for students enrolled in a Family and Consumer Sciences program.
 
Fluent English Proficient (FEP)
English Language Learners who are able to understand and communicate effectively with various audiences on a wide range of familiar and new topics to meet social and academic demands. They are able to achieve in content areas comparable to native English speakers, but may still need limited linguistic support.
 
Fiscal Year
Fiscal Year is a 12-month accounting period, which, for Cherry Creek School District, begins July 1st and ends the following June 30th.
 
Fixed Assets
Land, buildings, machinery, furniture, and other equipment that the District intends to hold or continue to use over a multi-year period.
 
4 Registered Trademark of ACT, Inc.

Focus/Magnet School
Schools operated by the school district with a special focus or educational program such as a Montessori school or a Math/Music/Science school.
 
Full Time Equivalent
Full Time Equivalent (FTE) is used for both student and employee information. For student enrollment purposes, full time equivalent is based on the portion of a day that a student spends in an instructional setting. Half-day kindergarten students are considered .5 FTE. For staff position purposes, full time equivalent is based on the employee's work requirement in comparison to a whole day. A kindergarten teacher, for one session, teaching only half a day is considered a .5 FTE.
 
Fund
A fund is a fiscal and accounting entity, with a self- balancing set of accounts recording revenue, expenditures, financial resources, and all related liabilities and fund equities.
 
Fund Balance (Fund Equity)
Fund balance is the excess of assets (revenue) over liabilities (expenditures) of a fund.
 
Funded Pupil Count
A district's pupil count, for funding purposes, under the current School Finance Act, which provides for an October 1 enrollment count within a district's school year. The funded pupil count is expressed in full time equivalent (FTE) pupils. An FTE count is designed to reflect the amount of time a student spends in an instructional setting.
 
Gallagher Amendment
This 1982 state constitutional amendment requires that the residential property share of the total assessed value in the state be stabilized at approximately 45 percent of the total. This stabilization is done by decreasing the residential percentage used to determine residential assessed values. The current valuation ratios are 7.96 percent of the market value for residential properties and 29 percent of market for commercial properties.
 
Governmental Designated Purpose Grants
Grants received from federal, state, or local
governments, or private sources to be used for a specific and designated purpose.
 
Governmental Funds
A generic classification adopted by the National Council on Governmental Accounting to refer to all funds other than proprietary and fiduciary funds. General fund, special
revenue funds, capital projects funds, debt service funds and special assessment funds are all examples of governmental
fund types.

Graduation Rate (High Schools Only)
Number of students, who completed locally defined requirements for graduation from high school, expressed as a percentage. The rate is a cumulative or longitudinal rate
that calculates the number of students who actually graduate as a percentage of those who were in membership and could
have graduated over a four-year period.
 
Guaranteed and Viable Curriculum
Guaranteed and Viable Curriculum refers to the opportunity for all students to learn specific, identified content associated with each grade level or course (guaranteed), and the realistic ability for teachers to be able to provide instruction of that curriculum (viable) within the time
structures of a school day or year.
 
Highly Qualified
An objective of Title II is to ensure that all teachers of core academic subjects are “highly qualified”. This requires that all teachers have state certification, hold a bachelor’s degree, and have demonstrated subject area competency. Core subjects include English, reading or language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, arts, history, and geography.
 
Hold Harmless District (Eliminated in 1995)
The Public School Finance Act of 1994 included a "hold harmless" provision. Under hold harmless, any district that would receive less revenue per pupil than was allocated the previous year, would receive the previous year's revenue per pupil for all students currently enrolled. New students, from increased enrollment, would be funded at the lower per pupil amount resulting from the formula in the School Finance Act. Cherry Creek School District was in a hold harmless status under the previous 1988 and the 1994 School Finance Act. This hold harmless provision was eliminated in 1995. The District is now eligible to receive an increase for inflation for
all enrolled pupils. The District is no longer in a hold harmless status.
 
HOSA
A Health Occupation Student Association for students enrolled in a Health Sciences program.
 
Incident Command System
A management tool used to manage and control critical incidents or special events, which allows First Responders and school personnel to work together in response to emergency situations. This system is a part of the National Incident Management System (NIMS), and is required by law (SB-181) to be integrated into the District’s Emergency Response Crisis Management policy, plan, and operational procedures.
 
Instruction
Instruction includes the activities dealing with the teaching of pupils.

I-Team
Off-campus facilities that serve specially identified high

Mill
Local tax rates against property are always computed in school students not succeeding in the regular classroom. Services are provided in a small-group setting with teachers/counselors.
 
Instructional Supplies and Materials
Instructional supplies and materials include, but are not limited to textbooks, library books, periodicals, and other supplies and materials associated with instructional activities.
 
Inter-Fund Transfer
Money taken from one fund and added to another fund. Inter-fund transfers are not receipts or expenditures of the District.
 
International Baccalaureate Organization
The International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO), founded in 1968, is a recognized leader in the field of international education.  It is a non-profit, mission-driven foundation that works with over 1,700 schools to develop and offer three challenging programs in over 120 countries to approximately 200,000 students.
 
Kindergarten Enrichment Program
A program offered under Extended Child Services (ECS) that provides enrichment for kindergarten children. This program allows students to participate in hands-on, valuable experiences, reading, story time, art, music, field trips, cooking, and imaginative and creative play. Program hours are offered in addition to regular kindergarten school hours.
 
Lease/Purchase Agreement
Contractual agreements that are termed leases, but that in substance are purchase contracts.
 
Limited English Proficient (LEP)
English Language Learners who are able to understand and be understood in many to most social communication situations. They are gaining increasing competence in the more cognitively demanding requirements of content areas; however, they are not yet ready to fully participate in academic content areas without linguistic support.
 
Link Crew
Link Crew is a high school program that provides a structure in each high school where students make real connection with each other. Built on the belief that students can help their peers succeed, Link Crew trains upper classmen to be Link Leaders at their schools. As positive role models, these high school leaders are motivators, leaders
and teachers who guide the freshmen to discover what it takes to be successful in high school and beyond. The year
begins with a spirited and interactive new student orientation
(Link Crew 9th grade students) at the start of the school year. The goal of the day is to welcome the new students to their new campus and encourage them to think about the path
they will take in the years to come.

mills. A mill is one one-thousandth (.001) of a dollar taxable value. One mill produces $1 in tax income for every $1,000 of property (taxable value).
 
Mill Levy
The rate of taxation based on dollars per thousand of taxable value.
 
Mission Statement
A mission statement is an entity’s statement of its focus and priority or a summary describing the aims, values, and overall plan of an organization or individual.
 
Mobility Rate
Mobility rate is a calculation that reflects the total change in student enrollment over the full school year. The number of incoming students is added to the number of students who have left. That sum is divided by the number of students who are enrolled on the last day of school.
 
Modified Accrual Basis
The accrual basis of accounting adapted to the governmental fund-type measurement focus. Under it, revenue and other financial resource increments are recognized when they become susceptible to accrual, which is when they become both "measurable" and "available to finance expenditures of the current period". Expenditures are recognized when the fund liability is incurred. Inventories of materials and supplies may be considered expenditures either when purchased or when used. Prepaid insurance and similar items may be considered expenditures either when paid for or when consumed.
 
Multiple Validations
Several different types of evidence used to assess an individual's knowledge, skills, and level of performance.
 
Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test
The Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test (NNAT), uses progressive matrices to measure students’ overall ability without the use of language. Bright, attractive, and engaging to students, the NNAT uses items consisting of shapes and designs that are not unique to any cultural group. This assures that it is a fair, effective test for use with a wide variety of students, regardless of their educational experiences, cultural background, or language background. The NNAT is unbiased for students with hearing impairment or children with impaired color vision.
 
Naviance®5 College Planning Tool
A computer based program that is available to all high school students in the District to facilitate their college planning.
 
5 Registered Trademark of Naviance, Inc.

No Child Left Behind
In January 2002, President Bush signed the federal No
Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act into law, which reauthorized
the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. This new law revised the framework that Colorado will use to comply with the sweeping reforms. The NCLB Act contains four basic education reform principles:
-      stronger accountability for results
-      increased flexibility and local control
-      expanded options for parents and
-      emphasis on teaching methods that have been proven to work
 
Non-English Proficient (NEP)
English Language Learners who are just beginning to understand and respond to simple routine communication through those who can respond with more ease to a variety of social communication tasks.
 
Object
An accounting and budgeting account code used to record expenditures for a specific category of salaries, employee benefits, and goods or services purchased.
 
Operations and Maintenance
Activities keeping the physical plant of the school facilities open, comfortable and safe for use, and keeping the grounds, building, and equipment in an effective working condition and state of repair.
 
Pacing Documents
Pacing documents provide teachers with the progress of curriculum delivery at various points in the school year. These documents include information, which determines if the appropriate amount of curriculum has been covered by
the end of each grading period. They are used in conjunction with the newly defined “Essential Benchmarks.”
 
Path Program
Path is the upper elementary version of the AVID program designed for 4th and 5th grade students. It is embedded in the core curriculum and is intended to provide
all students with access to a path of success. The program has been enhanced for 5th grade to include time management, listening, and organizational skills to achieve
more in the classroom.
 
Per Pupil Revenue
The equalization program funding of a district determined in accordance with the provisions of the Public School Finance Act, as amended; divided by the funded pupil count of the district.
 
Performance Assessments
Refers to a task or situation in which students are given an opportunity to demonstrate their understanding and thoughtfully apply knowledge and skills. The approach requires students to construct their own responses to questions or prompts rather than to select from alternatives that are presented. Performance assessments are developed in a variety of contexts to represent the multifaceted nature of a proficiency area.

Performance Level
Each performance level represents a range of scale scores that determine where the child is performing on each CSAP assessment. For a child to make a year’s growth, he/she would need to maintain the same performance level attained the prior year.  There are ten levels:  unsatisfactory, unsatisfactory high, partially proficient low, partially proficient, partially proficient high, proficient low, proficient, proficient high, advanced low, and advanced.
 
PLAN®6 Program
As a "pre-ACT" test, PLAN is a powerful predictor of success on the ACT Assessment®. The PLAN program helps 10th graders build a solid foundation for future academic and career success and provides information
needed to address school districts' high-priority issues. It is a comprehensive guidance resource that helps students measure their current academic development, explore career/training options, and make plans for the remaining years of high school and post-graduation years.
 
Portfolios
A collection of student work used to set improvement goals, show student progress, and demonstrate achievement. Portfolios are sometimes used for reporting to parents and other educators.
 
PowerSchool
Fully integrated administrative student information system written by Apple Computer and accessible by students, parents and District personnel.
 
Property Tax
The general property tax is levied on land and buildings located within a school district. Every owner of private and business property in the district, including public utilities, pays this tax. Property owned by governmental, charitable, and religious institutions is exempt from taxation.
 
Public School Finance Act
C.R.S. 22-54-101, et seq., enacted in 1994 seeks to provide for a thorough and uniform system of public schools throughout the state. It requires that all school districts operate under the same finance formula.  Equity considerations dictate that all districts are subject to the expenditure and maximum levy provisions of this act. Under the previous 1988 act, Colorado's 178 school districts were classified into eight categories with similar characteristics for funding purposes. The 1994 act, created under House Bill
94-1001, replaces the eight setting category groups with individually determined school district per pupil funding
amounts. The 1995 legislature revised the 1994 act with the passage of House Bill 95-1327. This bill eliminated the hold
harmless status of school district funding, provided for an increase for inflation, and provided for partial property tax
equity for Cherry Creek School District.
 
 
6 Registered Trademark of ACT, Inc.

 
Public Employees' Retirement Association
Public Employees' Retirement Association (PERA) provides retirement and other benefits to the employees of government agencies and public entities in the State of Colorado. Established by state law in 1931, PERA operates by authority of the Colorado General Assembly and is administered under Title 24, Article 51 of the Colorado Revised Statutes. It serves as a substitute for social security and uses actuarially established investment objectives with long-term goals and policies.
 
Pupil Activities Fund
This fund is provided to account for financial transactions related to school-sponsored pupil intra- and inter-scholastic athletic and activity related events.
 
Pupil Enrollment
Pupil enrollment can be presented as the full actual count or on a full time equivalent (FTE) basis.
 
Purchased Services
Amounts paid for personal services rendered by personnel, who are not on the District's payroll, and other services, which the District may purchase.
 
Reading Recovery®7
Reading Recovery is a highly effective short-term intervention of one-on-one tutoring for low-achieving first graders. The intervention is most effective when it is available to all students who need it and is used as a supplement to good classroom teaching.  The program is made available through the Reading Recovery Council of North America.
 
Referendum C
Referendum C, also known as the Colorado Economic and Recovery Act, allowed a portion of the tax revenue collected by the state to be available in the State budget to boost the economy during a time of recession.  In November
2005, the voters of Colorado approved the ballot proposal known as Referendum C. This change allows the state to retain and spend the money it collects beyond a newly established set limit, for education and healthcare purposes over the next five years.
 
Retained Earnings
Retained earnings is an equity account that reflects the accumulated earnings of an enterprise.
 
Revenue
Funds received, generally from taxes or from a state or federal funding program, which are not loans and which do not cause an increase in a liability account.
 
Rubrics
Scoring guides for evaluating student work and for providing common agreement on evaluating performance.  A set of statements explaining the criteria for specific level of performance.
 
 
7 Registered Trademark of Reading Recovery Council of
North America, Inc.

Salaries
Amounts paid to employees of the District who are considered to be in positions of a permanent nature or hired temporarily, including personnel substituting for those in permanent positions.
 
Scholastic Reading Inventory
SRI is a research-based, computer-adaptive reading assessment for Grades K-12 that measures and reports students’ level of reading comprehension. Data results are used to monitor progress toward Annual Yearly Progress (AYP), place students, differentiate instruction, and forecast state test results.
 
School Budget
Total site level budget amount for regular educational services. The budget is based on a number of student costs as well as staffing ratios, projected needs, and contracted services. The budget includes costs of regular instruction, administration, mental health staff, teacher assistants, technicians, staff support, nurses, secretarial staff, and custodians. Most Student Achievement Services costs are
not included in the site budget. Average costs per student will vary by school due to various factors: length of service and
additional education for professional staff members,
differences in utility costs, and basic staffing requirements (e.g., all schools have a building engineer, nurse, etc., regardless of student enrollment).
 
School of Choice
Colorado law allows students to enroll under open enrollment at a non-resident school, also known as School of Choice. These schools include Charter and Institute Charter schools, Home schools, Online schools, Magnet/Focus/Option/Contract schools, and Private schools.
 
School Improvement Plan
A comprehensive plan that contains measurable goals and annual action plans for the improvement of student achievement and the learning environment of the building. Each school reviews their data, identifies areas for improvement, and develops an action plan based on those goals. The school is responsible for monitoring implementation and success of the plan on a routine basis.
 
Self-Insurance
The underwriting of one's own insurance rather than purchasing coverage from a private provider, by identifying specific areas of risk and assessing actuarially sound charges.
 
SkillsUSA
A partnership of students, teachers, and industry,
working together in Pre-engineering, Automotive Technology, and Technical Sciences.
 
Special Revenue Fund
A fund established to account for the proceeds of specific revenue sources, including revenue requiring separate accounting due to legal or regulatory provisions that restrict expenditures to specified purposes. The Designated Purpose Grants, Extended Child Services, and Pupil
Activities Funds are examples of special revenue funds.

Specific Ownership Tax
An annual tax imposed upon each taxable item of personal property, including motor vehicles.
 
SpringBoard
A curriculum-based program developed by the College Board for students in grades 6 to 12. Components align with state standards to ensure students have the essential knowledge and problem-solving skills in Language Arts and Mathematics.
 
Stability Rate
The enrollment less the number of "outgoing" students since the beginning of the school year, divided by the number of students enrolled.
 
State Assigned Student Identifier
The state began using this system in 2003-04 to track all students by an individual ID #. This allows for more accurate accounting for the graduation and dropout rates while maintaining the privacy of a student’s social security number.
 
State Equalization Aid
A school district's state aid, under the current school finance act, is equal to its total equalization program funding less the local share. The Public School Finance Act of 1994 requires the school district local share to be the revenue based on the annual property tax levy plus the amount of specific ownership tax other than the portion of the specific ownership tax attributable to a bond redemption tax levy or an operating revenue override tax levy.
 
Student Achievement Services
Those activities designed to assess and improve the well-being of students and to supplement the teaching process. Programs offered include those that serve students with disabilities and exceptional needs.
 
Supplemental Programs
Major unique or additional programs available at the site (may or may not be at other sites), for specific students or for all students at the site.

Tax Assessment Year and Collection Year
The calendar year in which taxes are levied (December) is the tax assessment year. The calendar year in which tax bills are sent out (January) is the tax collection year. The calendar year tax bills, based on December 2012 tax assessments and billed in January 2013, are reflected as revenue to the District in fiscal year 2012-13.
 
Tax Authority
A government body, such as a city, county, or school board, with authority to levy property tax.
 
Tax
Amount levied by a government to finance services performed for the common benefit.
 
Title I
Title I is a federal program intended to accelerate students who are below grade level in reading and math by providing extra instruction beyond the regular classroom. It is funded with federal dollars from the original Improving America’s Schools Act, now known as the “No Child Left Behind Act.”
 
Title II, Part A
Title II, Part A is a federal program that requires all states to develop plans with annual measurable objectives that ensures all teachers of core academic subjects are highly qualified. They must have state certification (which may be alternative state certification), hold a bachelor’s degree, and have demonstrated subject area competency.
 
Transfers
A transfer does not represent a purchase; rather, it is used to show that funds have been handled without having goods and services rendered in return. This includes transactions for interchanging or transferring money from one fund to another fund.
 
Transportation
Services provided to transport pupils within the District and to maintain the District vehicles.

Supplies and Materials
Supplies and materials include textbooks, library books,

TSA
A Technology Student Association for students enrolled and other instructional materials, office supplies, building maintenance parts, gasoline, tires, and custodial supplies. With the exception of some unique areas, such as maintenance supplies and transportation-related expenses, most materials are established in relation to the student population.
 
TABOR Amendment – See Amendment 1
 
Target Gain
The change expected from year to year in a student’s CSAP performance. Unsatisfactory and partially proficient students must improve by two or more performance levels to make their target gain. Proficient and advanced students must maintain or improve their performance level to make their target gain.

within STEM courses.

 

Copyright © Cherry Creek School District #5, 4700 S. Yosemite Street, Greenwood Village, CO 80111 | 303-773-1184
Cherry Creek School District No. 5 does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age or disability in admission to its programs, services or activities, in access to them, in treatment of individuals, or in any aspect of their operations. The lack of English language skills shall not be a barrier to admission or participation in the district’s activities and programs. The Cherry Creek School District No. 5 also does not discriminate in its hiring or employment practices. This notice is provided as required by Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Questions, complaints, or requests for additional information regarding these laws may be forwarded to the designated compliance officer: District Compliance Officer or directly to the U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, Region VIII, Federal Office Building 1244 North Speer Blvd., Suite #310, Denver, CO 80204.

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