A twice-exceptional student is one who is formally identified as having:
- a learning disability, emotional disorder, communication disorder and/or physical disability and
- is also formally identified as gifted in one or more areas: intellectual ability, specific academic ability, leadership or is recognized for extraordinary talent in creative and/or artistic areas.
How are they recognized?
Gifted & Talented Identified First
- Achievement noticed first
- Strengths or "gifts" often fostered through GT programs
- Often passed over for special education support because they may be achieving at grade level (Baum, 1991)
Disability Identified First
- Often failing in school
- First noticed for what they cannot do
- Most "at risk" because the special ed. label tends to have a focus on deficits
- Often difficult for them to give themselves credit for abilities
- Acquisition of basic skills emphasized over creative productive behavior (Baum, 1991)
Neither GT nor Disability Identified
- Disability masks "gifts"
- "Gifts" mask disability
- Intellectual ability masks disability
- Often gifts emerge in specific content areas or particular learning environments where nontraditional methods are used (Baum, 1991)
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